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Guru Hargobind's Final Teaching

Claimed contemporary painting of Guru Hargobind held by the Sodhi family in Kartarpur.

When Guru Hargobind notified the Sikh congregation in Kiratpur that they would soon be departing from the world the Sikhs asked the Guru for a final instruction related to the actions of a Sikh. As recorded in Gurbilas Patshahi Chhevi [1720 CE], written at the direction of Shahid Bhai Mani Singh, along with the Great Poet Santokh Singh's Suraj Prakash [1843 CE], Guru Hargobind recited a passage written by their father, Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in the Raag Maru, on ang 1018 of Adi Guru Granth Sahib:

[what type of awareness should illuminate one's heart?]

ਚਾਦਨਾ ਚਾਦਨੁ ਆਂਗਨਿ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਜੀਉ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਚਾਦਨਾ ॥੧॥

In the courtyard of one's heart, the illuminating moonlight is being aware the All-Pervasive [Hari-Jio] illuminates within you.

[if that is the internal awareness, where shall the external focus be directed to?]

ਆਰਾਧਨਾ ਅਰਾਧਨੁ ਨੀਕਾ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਅਰਾਧਨਾ ॥੨॥

Devotional focus - that devotional focus is superb which worships the Name of Hari [the All-Pervasive].

[what actions shall we forsake?]

ਤਿਆਗਨਾ ਤਿਆਗਨੁ ਨੀਕਾ ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਤਿਆਗਨਾ ॥੩॥

Renounce - that renunciation is superb which forsakes desire, anger and greed.

[if we renounce those aspects, what shall we ask for then instead?]

ਮਾਗਨਾ ਮਾਗਨੁ ਨੀਕਾ ਹਰਿ ਜਸੁ ਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਮਾਗਨਾ ॥੪॥

Begging - the most useful begging is to beg to the Guru to gift out Hari's Praise.

[how shall we spend our waking time?]

ਜਾਗਨਾ ਜਾਗਨੁ ਨੀਕਾ ਹਰਿ ਕੀਰਤਨ ਮਹਿ ਜਾਗਨਾ ॥੫॥

Being awake - the best way to stay awake is to be immersed in the singing praise of Hari.

[what should we be attached to?]

ਲਾਗਨਾ ਲਾਗਨੁ ਨੀਕਾ ਗੁਰ ਚਰਣੀ ਮਨੁ ਲਾਗਨਾ ॥੬॥

Attachment - that attachment which is superb is to attach one's mind to the lotus-like feet of the Guru.

[how can we achieve all of these practices?]

ਇਹ ਬਿਧਿ ਤਿਸਹਿ ਪਰਾਪਤੇ ਜਾ ਕੈ ਮਸਤਕਿ ਭਾਗਨਾ ॥੭॥

This way of living is only achieved by those who have such great fortune written on their forehead [in their destiny].

[are these the only things that are superb?]

ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਤਿਸੁ ਸਭੁ ਕਿਛੁ ਨੀਕਾ ਜੋ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੀ ਸਰਨਾਗਨਾ ॥੮॥੧॥੪॥

Guru Nanak says, all things are superb for those who come into the sanctuary of the Divine.

- Adi Guru Granth Sahib: 1018

To hear this from the Suraj Podcast listen to Episode 84 - Guru Hargobind's Final Instruction


Gurbilas Patshahi Chhevi [1720 CE], Chapter 21, Page 858

Gurpratap Suraj Prakash [1843 CE], Chapter 57 of Raas 8.

Photo: Claimed contemporary painting of Guru Hargobind held by the Sodhi family in Kartarpur.

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